Cairo to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and Mecca: 1326

Cairo to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and Mecca: 1326

“From Gaza We travelled to the city of Abraham [Hebron], the fresh new mosque of which is actually out of elegant, but large, structure, towering and you can attic, and you may centered off squared stones. . . They claim you to Solomon demanded the new jinn to create it. “(Gibb, p. 55.)

With it ‘s the sacred cavern which has had the newest graves away from Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob, opposite being three graves, that are those of the wives

Within section, you will see a lot throughout the Islam! Before you can read about Ibn Battuta’s travels, you will need specific history regarding crucial prophets that he will inform in the. Are you aware of about Abraham? Maybe you have heard about Adam-and-eve in addition to their sons Cain and you will Abel? Have you any idea concerning Prophet Muhammad? These types of while others would-be produced within this part.

Ibn Battuta leftover Cairo and you may oriented to help you Damascus, Syria along the Royal Highway. The newest Mamluk regulators prepared caravans to take pilgrims and you may resellers with each other so it trail. The brand new Mamluks tested passports, taxed new resellers, and you can purely tracked who had been planning and you can out of their region.

It part of the Mamluk Empire got within the tough battles that have Mongol Intruders. Regarding 1260 into the very early 1300s, the Mamluk fighters been able to push the Mongol armies aside out-of Damascus and you may northern Syria, and you will kept him or her regarding bringing Egypt and you may Palestine. Brand new Mongols had absorbed Baghdad and far of your Abbasid Kingdom of the 1258 capturing and you may destroying urban centers because they went.

The brand new Mamluk armies protected the brand new kingdom and you will kept open the fresh trade pathways in addition to pilgrimage paths. Together that an element of the station soldiers to your horseback pulled carpet or mats in order to easy the fresh sand a night. The second day the soldiers wanted whoever had leftover music on sand, pursued her or him and penalized her or him severely.

Damascus is particularly a moment investment to the Mamluk, a good city you to Ibn Battuta merely was required to get a hold of! Away from Damascus he may connect with an excellent Hajj caravan and done their visit to Mecca safely. But there are almost every other holy web sites observe about part out of his excursion: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and much more!

And a blast of pilgrims concerned these urban centers within the cover of one’s Mamluk Sultan

This is certainly a chart of your own Mamluk Empire and also the Mongol Khanates around the seasons 1294. For folks who examine it towards map out-of Ibn Battuta’s visits, you will see that once Ibn Battuta embarked into his journey during the 1325, the latest Mamluks got destroyed region to your Mongols. Mention the shifted edging in the area of progressive-date Iraq.

Hebron are a holy website having Muslims, Christians, and Jews because it’s the burial place of your own “fathers” otherwise “patriarchs” off monotheism (belief in one Goodness): Abraham, Isaac, and you can Jacob. Near Hebron are also holy internet, for instance the burial place off Lot.

They say that Muhammad himself decided to go to this holy webpages (as well as Bethlehem) so you can hope towards his Night Journey, making the jackd web sites much more holy and you may worthy of pilgrimage.

“Of Gaza I visited the metropolis away from Abraham [Hebron], new mosque where was off feminine, but nice, structure, towering and you may attic, and you will situated regarding squared rocks. . . They do say you to Solomon demanded the latest jinn to build it. ” [Gibb, p. 55.]

Then he arrived in Jerusalem which was a very small town during the time, that have an inhabitants regarding only about ten,one hundred thousand. “Their defensive structure was indeed inside the ruins, part of its water supply had to be earned. also it are situated on none of your own very important change paths. ” [Dunn, p. 56.] But really, because of its very important shrines and you can sanctuaries, it had been a fundamental piece of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: “Goodness ennoble [Jerusalem] – third when you look at the perfection after the a few sacred Mosques [from Mecca and you may Medina] and also the place of ascension of the Apostle of Jesus [Muhammed] – God-bless him and give your tranquility – whence he had been involved toward heaven.”[Gibb, p. 77.] Here the guy went along to this new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque as well as the Dome of your Material. The latest gold-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque is actually made in 691 across the on Dome regarding the fresh Stone.

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